Rottweiler Dog Breed: History, Temperament, Care, Training & more

Rottweiler Breed Information

Level of Energy    
Exercise Needs    
Level of Affection     
Climate Tolerance     
Good With Children      
Tolerance of Animals      
Suitable as Guard Dog  

Just The Facts

  • AKC Popularity:  9
  • AKC Breed Group: Working
  • Size of Male:  85-135 lbs., 24-27 in.
  • Size of Female:  80-100 lbs., 22-25 in.
  • Color:  Black/Tan
  • Average Lifespan:  9-10 years
  • Breed Origin:  Germany
  • Purpose:  Security, Schutzhund, Herding

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General Description

The Rottweiler is a confident and imposing dog. They have a dominant and stubborn nature, they are very loyal and they make excellent guard dogs. Due to their nature, they require consistent training and socialization. These dogs can be overly protective of family members and may revert to herding instincts around children.

Origin and History

The Rottie, as they are often known, is descended from Roman drover dogs, and they were bred in Germany when many of the Roman troops settled in the area.

The dogs served as guard animals until the mid-19th century, when dog carting was replaced by the railroad.

The popularity of the breed fell into decline until two clubs designed to promote the breed merged. The dogs began to be bred as police dogs and have been competing in the AKC since the 1930s


The Rottweiler is a bold, confident breed. They can be headstrong and stubborn and often take a domineering approach. These dogs can be overly protective and are wary of strangers. They are very loyal dogs, but require consistent training.

Rottweiler Dog Breed Care

Living Environment – Rotties need a large and secure area for both exercise and play. Space is important in large part due to the size of the dogs. They are protective around strangers, but can thrive around children that are brought up with them. These dogs also do well with older children who know how to behave with them. They must be exposed early to other pets to prevent aggression.

Grooming – This dog breed requires little in the area of grooming. Weekly brushing can keep the coat in good condition. Brushing may be needed more frequently when the dog is shedding, and the breed is considered a medium shedder. This should be considered for households that contain members with allergies.

Diet & Exercise – The diet for these large dogs should be portioned in order to prevent overeating. They require at least two hours of exercise daily. A large yard for play is recommended, and these dogs also enjoy long walks.

Health – Like other large dog breeds, these dogs have a shorter life expectancy than many breeds. There are many health problems
associated with the breed, including eye and heart problems, OCD, cancer, thyroid problems, seizures,
and allergies. Parents should have heart clearance as well as OFA and CERF certificates.


The Rottweiler is a very intelligent dog that can excel at training if given the chance. Obedience training is mandatory with these dogs, and owners must show dominance. While the dogs can be stubborn, they are able to perform in many trials and sports.